Gulnara Abitova, PhD, Candidate in Technical Sciences, Ass.Professor, Vice-Rector of Kazakh-Russian International University, presents her paper «Interactive teaching methods as a factor of activation of the innovation in the educational process» for your consideration.
Modern requirements in education make a great difference to the use of active and interactive forms of study with the purpose of forming and developing the professional skills of students. There is a growing need for non-standard-minded creative personalities. The basis of modern education should be not so much educational disciplines, as the ways of thinking and student activities. In the process of teaching, it is important to develop students’ abilities such as: creative activity, creative thinking, the ability to evaluate, rationalize, quickly adapt to the changing needs of the market. The acquisition of such skills largely depends on the content and methodology of training future specialists .
The success of the process of cognition (the cognitive activity of the student) depends not only on what is being learned (the content of the training), but also on how it is assimilated. It means what form it is acquired, in particular, with an emphasis on: an individual or a collective group, in authoritarian or humanistic conditions, with the support of attention, perception, memory or the whole person’s personal potential, through reproductive or active teaching methods. It should be noted that the specific weight of active forms of studying is determined by the content of specific disciplines and makes up 20-25 per cent of classroom works in many areas of training .
Therefore, for the preparation of non-standard-minded creative personalities and the preparation of competitive personnel, and for improving the quality and activation of the educational process in the engineering education, it is necessary to use innovative methods and approaches of the education.
Unlike classical education, interactive learning is a special form of organizing cognitive activity. It implies quite specific and predictable goals. The main goal is to create pedagogical conditions for studying at a university, by which the student can become confident in his intellectual knowledge. It makes the learning process productive. In other words, interactive learning is, first of all, is interaction between the student and the teacher, and also between the students themselves .
Therefore, the implementation of such forms of education is one of the most important areas for improving the training of specialists in the Kazakh-Russian International University. Now days KRIU is implementing the new strategy and policy of the developing our University, aimed at globalization of the educational space, further development of internationalization in the global higher education .
2 American and European Training System Technologies and Polylingual Education in the universities of Kazakhstan
In this context, as well as in order to introduce innovative teaching methods in the teaching of disciplines in English, the Department of Technical and Natural Science uses technologies from world experience, in particular, the technologies of the American and European Education Systems in universities.
2.1 American System of Education
In the American system of education, the distinctive feature of education is the direct involvement of students in active educational and cognitive activity during the educational process. Here the training is based on principles of an active interaction between the teacher and students, a reliance on the group experience and a mandatory feedback. In other words, in the American system, basically a practice-oriented approach is implemented
In this system the theory is given briefly, but the all assignments have a practical focus. Therefore here the main part of the studying is project work. At the same time, there is not mandatory attendance of lectures at the universities. All studying activities are organized in such forms as: cooperative learning or group training [5-6].
2.2 European System of Education
Unlike the American system, the project approach is basically implemented in the European system. It means task based learning is realized there .
For example, Education System of the Finland has very high reputation in the European scientific and educational area.
Education is one of the cornerstones of the Finnish welfare society. Finnish people usually prides of the own an educational system that offers equal opportunities of education for all, irrespective of matters of residency, sex, economic situation or linguistic and cultural background .
From my own experience, I would like to introduce with High Education of the Finland. This year I have participated to the Erasmus+ Program of EU. In the result, I was one of the winner of this Exchange Program and got the EU Grant for Erasmus + Program, that given me opportunity to make teaching exchange activities and be as Invited Professor at the Savonia University of Applied Science, Finland.
In particularly, from March 20 to March 25, 2017, I have visited the University of Applied Sciences of Savonia (Kuopio, Finland). During that staying in Finland, I have delivered lectures for students of the specialty «Design of Electronic Systems» of the School of Engineering and Technology in the framework of International Credit Mobility under the Erasmus + Program .
Within my Exchange Teaching period I made the demonstration of the practical examples using various Training Stations for Automation of the company FESTO. There were also presented the video-lessons and video-lectures conducted in Eurasian National University in the polylingual groups. These Open Classes have presented with demonstration of educational and scientific laboratory stations and FESTO stands.
This visit and the experience gained as a result of the Exchange Program is an excellent incentive and catalyst for further scientific research and the introduction of innovative teaching methods in the system of our university education.
The methods of Savonia University of Applied Sciences allowed immersing themselves in the latest scientific and technical developments in Finland .
Thus, on the basis of the studied and obtained foreign experience, I work on the broader development of multilingual education for University. It gives opportunity for the training of highly qualified engineering personnel with professional competencies in accordance with modern requirements and the World standards .
At the Department of Technical and Natural Science of the University it is starting a process on the implementing of interactive teaching methods in the study of engineering courses in English. There is implementation of the special courses on Automation and Control in multilingual groups, having a practical approach in the study. These courses include a many practical tasks using Lab equipment on automation of the FESTO, National Instruments and Omron companies.
3. Why are Interactive Forms and Active Learning Methods Used as Basis for Teaching Engineering Disciplines at KRIU?
Firstly, there is my own foreign experience of studying and participating in training at the American Education System during the period of own scientific internship and doctoral program in the USA (Internship at SUNY, NY, USA).
This opportunity has allowed getting good research skills and educational knowledge in a short period, to prepare and present successful scientific works, to realize results of researches within the framework of the doctoral dissertation and to compare technologies of teaching and studying of engineering courses in the Kazakhstan System and American System of the High Education .
In addition, during my education in USA the experience of teaching for students — non-English speakers has been acquired. Since the American education system is oriented, first of all, to an international audience and a multilingual group of students.
Secondly, such system gives that opportunity, when participants actively engage in communication with each other, jointly solve their tasks and overcome conflicts. It is very important for a multilingual audience. They look for common points of contact and, most importantly, make compromises in the frame of education processes. Those, students easily understand and remember the material that they studies through their active involvement in the learning process. At the same time they study the material in a foreign language, which is not their native language. It is very important moment of the education process.
Thirdly, on such occupations activities of students is prevails. Teacher creates only appropriate conditions for the development of the initiative of students. Here the teacher carries out a role of Tutor (Assistant/Adviser) in research and cognitive activity of students.
4. Implementation of Interactive Training Methods for Training of Specialists in Automation and Control and in the frame of Project Methods of Education
At present, the educational process in the poly-linguistic groups of our Department is conducted in English that based on the follow interactive education forms and methods:
• Simulation of the Role Games on the Lecture Classes (when studying theoretical material),
• Discussions Modeling Situations for Self-Work Tasks of students (in particular, the real technological process and automation object),
• Lectures-Conferences (On-line Conference), Lectures-Discussions by the foreign professors,
• Videos and Group Presentations (organized by group of students),
• Practical Classes in the small groups (Case-Study, etc.),
• Associative Assignments (based on examples from other spheres and life to explain complex theoretical material or mathematical apparatus),
• Project Works on the Special Topics of the Course,
• Training Sessions on the Laboratory Facilities (with demonstration of acquired skills and knowledge) with demonstration them works on the Video and Master-Classes for Outside Audience.
Students have demonstrated them practical skills and knowledges on Automation processes using Virtual Four Automation Stations of Festo Didactics: Automation Stations of the Filtration, Heating, Mixing and Sorting processes which presented by FESTO. In my opinion they have demonstrated good profession abilities and knowledge of the engineering education.
Particularly there are actively developing and introducing a group works, associative assignments and project work, video presentations, as well as training sessions at the laboratory facilities (by automated process of control system, automated process control system, pneumatics, hydraulics, etc.)
Designing and implementation interactive approaches and active methods in the frame of education allows the teacher, firstly, actively involve students in the study of complex special disciplines and courses in an accessible form. And secondly, it is quite easy and quick to teach the skills of thinking in a foreign language. In particular, it is helps them to increase the level of possession of academic English.
Each student is involved to class work, and each of them contributes his individual contribution to the solution of the engineering task. It is possible by the help of an active exchange of knowledge, creative, non-standard ideas and ways of doing things that have their own experience. In addition, in the process of such training, not only students but also teachers discover for themselves new ideas, methods and technologies for teaching.
Therefore, using such way there is a process of mutual enrichment of the two sides. And most importantly, with such teaching methods, a real cognitive, active, poly-lingual environment for learning and education is formed, and team spirit and corporate culture develops, that it is very important in the globalization period.
Based on our own experience, I can say that with the use of interactive forms and methods of teaching engineering courses, students are becoming more interested in the understanding of subject and learning. These methods motivates students to the learning a foreign language and getting a knowledge from world experience.
It is growing the research and innovative component of a person, the communication environment is improving. In the same time prerequisites and conditions are created for the preparation of a good qualified specialist. It can help in the future professional work of the graduates. From the other side, it is increasing the exchange and mobility programs of the students and staffs that allows to share of the own experience and ideas on the international levels.
Because, Engineering Education requires a deep understanding and creative approach, a search and implementation of rationalization ideas. As well as there are requires for possibility of modeling a problem, finding non-standard answers and much more for solving future real technical and technological problems.
Therefore, the use of innovative methods, in particular interactive methods of teaching in engineering education, should be widely developed in universities that train competitive specialists with modern knowledge and vision, professional competences and non-standard ideas.
It is precisely these forms of training are developing at the Kazakh-Russian International University. It makes possible to activate an educational process and develop new innovative technologies of education, which in turn ensures the quality training of specialists in accordance with international requirements.
And in my opinion, all of these approaches have to use practice-oriented studying of the engineering education. Only this way can help to prepare a good qualified specialist with professional skills and knowledge.
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2. The State Program for the Development of Education of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020. Approved by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 07.12.2010, No. 1118.
3. URL: http://www.science-education.ru/en/article/view?id=13161 .
4. Shumova IV Active methods of teaching as a way to improve the quality of professional education [Text] // Pedagogy: traditions and innovations: materials of international. Sci. Conf. (Chelyabinsk, October 2011). T.II. — Chelyabinsk: Two Komsomol members, 2011. — P. 57-61.
5. File:///C: /Users/NURLAN/Desktop/%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%84.